What is gum recession?
Gum recession is a common result of moderate to severe gum disease. It happens when bacteria and plaque buildup and destroy the gum and bone tissue. Over time, the gum line can gradually become lower until the root of the tooth is exposed. This poses several problems.
The first problem is with esthetics. When the gum line lowers and exposes the tooth root, the tooth can appear larger than normal. Most patients find this to be unattractive and become self-conscious. The second problem is more health related. Since your gum tissue is the only barrier that protects your roots from plaque and bacteria, recession can increase the exposure and vulnerability of the teeth. This increases the chances of tooth decay on the roots and even tooth loss.
How is gum recession treated?
Gum grafting is a procedure in which a sample of tissue is taken from the mouth and grafted onto the gum line so that the tooth root is no longer exposed. There are three types of gum grafts:
• Connective Tissue Grafts – These borrow the tissue from beneath a skin flap which Dr. Moore will make in the roof of your mouth.
• Free Gingival Grafts – These are similar to connective tissue grafts except that there is no skin flap being made. The tissue is taken directly from the roof of the mouth.
• Pedicle Grafts – In these types of grafts, the tissue sample is taken straight from the gum line. A small skin flap is cut and then pulled over to cover the exposed root. Sutures hold it in place during the healing process.
Gum recession is a condition that should always be evaluated. Patients suffering from gum recession can contact Dr. Moore to learn more about having a gum graft in Sugar Hill, GA.